Sign up!

Minecraft Farming

So you want to be a farmer? Farming gives players a way to till soil, plant seeds and grow wheat.

Building a Farm

Your first step in farming is crafting a hoe of any type (probably stone). Next, pick a small area of grass and dirt. It's pretty important to setup your farm near natural water (or water placed with a bucket) as you'll see below. Use your hoe on the dirt/grass to till the ground, turning it into farmland blocks.

To obtain seeds, you need to find tall grass blocks and destroy them. Grab the seeds that drop, make them the active item, and right-click the soil to plant them.

Hydrating the Soil

When a farmland tile is within 4 tiles of water (even diagonally), and on the same level or one level lower, the farmland tile has a chance of becoming hydrated. You will notice it become noticably darker. Wheat will grow in 1 day/night cycle when planted on hydrated farmland.

You can also place water using a water bucket near farmland to hydrate it. If you put water in the center of a 9x9 grid of farmland, all the tiles will be hydrated.

Harvesting

Harvest crops by left-clicking them with any tool selected. Wheat goes through 8 stages of growth. The beginning stages are green and will have no yield if harvested. Wait until they are somewhat brown, that's fully grown (see image on left of mature wheat). Once harvested, they will drop between 0 and 3 seeds and 1 wheat.

Speeding Things Up

You can use bone meal on crops (make it the active item and right-click the crop) to fertilize them, immediately making them ready for harvest. You can also place torches near crops so that they continue to grow through the night. Lit, grassy areas will attract critters, so make sure you put a fence around your crops and replace the grass with cobblestone to keep your crops safe.

For the optimal growth rate, plant your crops in rows, with no crops on either side.

Mind Your Feet

Stomping on your crops will slowly hurt them, so be mindful of where you are walking. You can, however, sneak over your crops by holding shift as you move. Creatures can also harm crops by walking on them, so keep them out by following the tips in the Speeding Things Up section above. Happy farming!

Tutorial Videos

steve
Name
Description
Used In
Recipe / Source
Carrot

Carrot

Carrots are a consumable food that can be planted on farms.

Hunger Restored:

Carrot on a Stick
Golden Carrot
Rabbit Stew
Cocoa Plant

Cocoa Plant

Cocoa plants grow on the side of jungle trees. Cocoa beans can be harvested from them.

Farmland

Farmland

Used in Farming, farmlands are created when dirt or grass is tilled with a hoe.

Melon

Melon

Grown when farming by planting melon seed.

Melon Slice
Melon Slice
Melon Slice
Melon Slice
Melon Slice
Melon Slice
Melon Slice
Melon Slice
Melon Slice
Melon
Melon Seed

Melon Seed

Melon seeds will grow melons.

Melon Slice
Melon Seed
Melon Slice

Melon Slice

Melon slices are acquired by destroying melons, each of them dropping 3-7 slices.

Hunger Restored:

Melon
Melon Seed
Glistering Melon
Melon
Mycelium

Mycelium

Mycelium is a block that has a particle effect that resembles tiny spores being released constantly from the surface. Mycelium can only be obtained by mining them using a tool with the silk touch enchantment. Otherwise it will drop dirt.

Potato

Potato

Potatoes are a consumable food that can also be planted on a farm or cooked

Hunger Restored:

Baked Potato
Pumpkin Seed

Pumpkin Seed

Pumpkin seeds will grow a central stem, that grows to max size before spawning a Pumpkin next to it. The seeds can be found in Abandoned Mine Shaft chests.

Pumpkin
Pumpkin Seed
44
Seeds

Seeds

Seeds are used to grow wheat, and can be found by tilling grass or harvesting fully-grown wheat.

Grass (Tall)
Stone Hoe

Stone Hoe

Used to till dirt blocks into farmland. There is a chance that seeds will drop when you till a grass block.

Durability:
132

Cobblestone
Cobblestone
Stick
Stick
Stone Hoe
Sugar Cane (Block)

Sugar Cane (Block)

Sugar cane can be found on grass, sand and dirt blocks immediately adjacent to water.

Sugar Cane (Item)

Sugar Cane (Item)

Sugar cane is used to create paper and sugar. It can be planted on any grass, sand or dirt block located immediately adjacent to water.

Paper
Sugar Cane (Block)
Wheat

Wheat

Grown when farming by planting seeds. Wheat is used for cooking. It can also be used to breed certain animals by feeding them when in a group of two or more.

Bread
Cake
Cookie
Hay Block